Safety Health and Environment

All new formulations, modifications and innovations are tested to make sure safety, environment and health parameter. Likely possible risk factors are assessed and determined before product is approved for mass market use. Assessing the environmental impact of all pesticides products is priority to our innovation process.

Our Focus
We join hands with large group of farmers in order to reduce the water wastage in Agri cultural business, especially in regions where water availability is already under pressure from climate change. Water scarcity is a growing concern around the world. We need to improve water efficiency at each stage of the product lifecycle. Our agreed water strategy in to reduce both our direct and indirect water footprint.

Water use in agriculture
Huge amount of water is used by agriculture so good water management by no mean essential to sustain the growth. We share our expertise on soil management and water-collection techniques with our suppliers.

How drip irrigation works
Drip irrigation for crops such as tomatoes uses tubes to deliver small quantities of water and nutrients straight to the plants' roots, leading to less wastage and evaporation. Drip irrigation also helps create the best growing conditions. Soil doesn't become soaked, which helps prevent mould, so fungicides can be reduced by as much as 50%. The use of some pesticides can also be cut by 25% because they are delivered directly to the roots. We make sure to provide technical support to help farmers convert to drip irrigation, as it's more complicated and expensive to install than other available systems. We also coordinate with equipment suppliers to train farmers on how to get the best results from the system. These expenses are offset by increased yields. However, working with smallholder farmers is not easy and success cannot be guaranteed. Some of the trials we ran did not lead to marked improvements because farmers did not correctly implement the recommended changes. We are assessing how farmers can be helped to avoid similar errors. More crop trials are planned for 2010.

Preserving water quality
It is our top priority to preserve the quality of the water returned back into the environment. We advise our suppliers on the prudent use of pesticides and fertilizers to ensure that water quality is not greatly affected. Our eco management strategy makes sure that local communities are not deprived of water supplies at the expense of our business.

Using Pesticides
Everyone who uses pesticides has the responsibility to ensure that they use them correctly and effectively. To help them, we provide guidance on best practice in the use of pesticides in a number of ways.

Advice for Farmers and GrowersWe provide information and guidance on the use of pesticides through our Toll Free Number 0800 33 222.

Advice for Professional Users
Professional pesticide users are those people who have received formal training in the use of pesticides and who are using pesticides in the course of their job or business. We now provide guidance to them through trainings to help them meet the requirements of pesticide legislation.

Best Practice
Before purchasing or using a pesticide, always ask yourself whether it is really necessary to control the pest, disease or weed that you want to get rid of? Do you need to use a pesticide? Has the pest or weed reached a completely unacceptable level? It is Government policy that the use of pesticides should be careful. Advice on best practice for professional growers is given on our Toll Free Number 0800 33 222.

Is the product approved?
It is important to find out if the product is approved for the crop and situation for which you wish to use it. One way to do this is to review database of approved pesticide products. Four Brothers Group always make sure to.

Read the Label
You must always make sure that you read and understand the label before you use the product. You must always follow the label instructions carefully. All products of Four Brothers Groups are carefully labeled to include all safety and health parameters to make sure the safety of user.

Training
Everyone who uses pesticides must have adequate guidance, instruction or training for their correct use. Specific guidance on the use of pesticides is given by field force through farm meetings and Toll Free Number 0800 33 222.

Applying Pesticides
Guidance on applying pesticides is outlined on the labels. Users of pesticides must ensure that all reasonable precautions are taken to prevent spray drift.

Disposal
If you use pesticides it is your responsibility ensure that any pesticide waste is disposed off properly. We provide detailed guidance on product labels.

Guidelines concerning PPE and pesticides at Four Brother Group Chemical Plant
Use personal protective equipment appropriate for the pesticide in use. Pesticides, herbicides, and other pest control products vary widely in their toxicity. They can be severely irritating or corrosive to the skin or even cause death. Some are also readily absorbed through intact skin and can represent the major route of exposure. Many pesticides are handled as powders that can form airborne dust and may be inhaled. Other pest control products may be sprayed and form mists in the air. Some formulations contain volatile solvents that can evaporate forming a vapor that may be hazardous above certain airborne concentrations. Therefore, it is very important to follow the manufacturer's guidelines regarding the personal protective equipment and clothing made of suitable material for use with the specific pesticide. Refer to the OSH Answers document Designing an Effective Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Program for further information. Please see the OSH Answers series on Pesticides for more information about how to work safely with pesticides, first aid, labels, re-entry time, etc.

What should user know about PPE clothing for use with pesticides?
Depending on the specific pesticide and how the pesticide is being used, use chemical protective clothing when there is:

- chance of spilling or splashing liquids or contact with spray.
- Start each day in clean protective clothes that are free of holes or other defects.
- Wear loose-fitting protective clothing - a size slightly larger than needed in order to reduce stretching at seams.
- Secure protective pants outside of boots. - Wear an apron that extends below boot tops when mixing and loading liquid pesticides.
- Wear boots made of appropriate chemical-protective material, not leather.

Some tips for using other PPE at Four Brother Chemical Plant?

Respiratory Protection

- Choose an approved respirator according to fit, chemical and amount of likely exposure.
- Refer to the OSH Answers documents Respirator Care and Respirator Selection for further information.

Headwear

- Wear waterproof, washable material. Do not use leather or cloth sweatbands.
- Choose helmets, hoods or hats that protect the head, neck and upper shoulders. Select CSA-approved safety hats with rain trough brim.

Eye Wear

- Wear chemical goggles and a face shield when mixing or spraying pesticides.

Gloves

- Wear durable, chemical protective gauntlet gloves which extend up the forearm. Follow the manufacturer's guidelines regarding suitable glove material.
- Do not wear leather, paper or fabric gloves. These materials absorb and hold liquids and dusts and can become a serious source of exposure.

How can user at Four Brothers Chemical Plant reduce the chances of contamination?

- Stand upwind of all spraying operations.
- Follow manufacturer's instructions to prevent getting pesticides on your hands when removing contaminated gloves.
- Wear a light pair of disposable protective gloves under the outer gloves. Discard the disposables after each use.
- Wear relatively loose-fitting outer gloves for easy removal.
- Launder professionally or according to manufacturer's recommendations.

What, in general, should user at Four Brothers Chemical Plant do if my skin or clothing becomes contaminated?

- Remove all contaminated clothing immediately.

- Follow MSDS or label first-aid advice for skin/eye contact.

- Scrub the contaminated area vigorously with soap and water.

- Wash entire body, including hair, with soap and water.

- Rinse with clean water for at least 15 minutes.

- Rinse eyes if pesticide gets in them, at eye-wash station or with clean water and obtain medical attention.

- Any co-workers who help you should wear gloves and rubber boots and take precautions to prevent contaminating themselves.

- Contaminated clothing should be bagged and tagged, indicating which pesticide product was used.

- Clean contaminated clothing, or discard if contaminated with a very toxic pesticide, as recommended by the pesticide manufacturer.

- When laundering contaminated clothing, wear chemical-resistant gloves when handling the contaminated clothing (and decontaminate them after handling the clothing and before removing the gloves).

- Launder contaminated clothing separately from the regular family laundry; rinse or pre treat the contaminated clothing before washing it in hot water; re-wash two or three times, as recommended; rinse the washing machine after washing the contaminated clothing.

- Leather products (e.g., shoes, boots, belts) cannot be decontaminated and should be discarded in an approved manner as hazardous waste.

- Read the label information and MSDS before using the pesticide product to find out if it can be absorbed through intact skin and be able to recognize toxic effects you may experience if you are exposed. Some acute or short-term effects can start right after exposure; other effects can be delayed from several hours to several days.

- Obtain medical attention if you feel unwell, or if recommended in the MSDS or in other manufacturer information. Take the MSDS or other manufacturer information with you. Medical staff will need the information to treat you correctly.